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Community composition. Principal coordinate analysis demonstrated a significant expansion of -diversityCommunity composition. Principal coordinate analysis demonstrated a significant expansion of -diversity in the Zn deficient group (Figure 2C). Interestingly, the same features of lower -diversity and richness together with higher -diversity compared to the control as seen in Zn deficiency a
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Composition and genetic potential of the cecal microbiota in broiler chickensComposition and genetic potential of the cecal microbiota in broiler chickens fed a moderately Zn deficient diet. A panel of Zn status biomarkers was measured weekly, and gene expression of a variety of Zn-dependent proteins was quantified from relevant tissues at study conclusion. Cecal contents were collected for
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Sus GF broiler chickens (Gallus gallus). Under conditions of Zn deficiencySus GF broiler chickens (Gallus gallus). Under conditions of Zn deficiency, this might lead to the preferential growth of bacteria able to survive at low-Zn levels. Further, many recent studies have shown that prophylactic doses of Zn (as Zn oxide, ZnO) in various animal models increased the presence of Gram egative fa
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Pe. Keywords: zinc deficiency; microbiota; dysbiosis; cecal microbiome; zinc biomarker1. IntroductionPe. Keywords: zinc deficiency; microbiota; dysbiosis; cecal microbiome; zinc biomarker1. Introduction Zn, an essential nutrient for nearly all organisms, is most notably involved as a metal cofactor in hundreds of proteins within the human body [1,2]. In healthy adults, Zn is present in the a
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Pe. Keywords: zinc deficiency; microbiota; dysbiosis; cecal microbiome; zinc biomarker1. IntroductionPe. Keywords: zinc deficiency; microbiota; dysbiosis; cecal microbiome; zinc biomarker1. Introduction Zn, an essential nutrient for nearly all organisms, is most notably involved as a metal cofactor in hundreds of proteins within the human body [1,2]. In healthy adults, Zn is present in the a
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84; doi:10.3390/nu7125497 www.mdpi.com/journal/nutrientsNutrients 2015, 7, 9768?status, the linoleic acid84; doi:10.3390/nu7125497 www.mdpi.com/journal/nutrientsNutrients 2015, 7, 9768?status, the linoleic acid: dihomo��linolenic acid (LA:DGLA) ratio, which exploits the Zn ependent rate imiting step of erythrocyte fatty acid desaturation [12]. Yet, since no single reliable biomarker of Zn st
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84; doi:10.3390/nu7125497 www.mdpi.com/journal/nutrientsNutrients 2015, 7, 9768?status, the linoleic acid84; doi:10.3390/nu7125497 www.mdpi.com/journal/nutrientsNutrients 2015, 7, 9768?status, the linoleic acid: dihomo��linolenic acid (LA:DGLA) ratio, which exploits the Zn ependent rate imiting step of erythrocyte fatty acid desaturation [12]. Yet, since no single reliable biomarker of Zn st
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84; doi:10.3390/nu7125497 www.mdpi.com/journal/nutrientsNutrients 2015, 7, 9768?status, the linoleic acid84; doi:10.3390/nu7125497 www.mdpi.com/journal/nutrientsNutrients 2015, 7, 9768?status, the linoleic acid: dihomo��linolenic acid (LA:DGLA) ratio, which exploits the Zn ependent rate imiting step of erythrocyte fatty acid desaturation [12]. Yet, since no single reliable biomarker of Zn st